Communication between animal and human is not far-fetched. In fact, hunters use animal calls all the time in order to seek prey, call predators out into open view, or make the animal feel calm in their environment so they can study the pack/group as a whole. But actually learning what animal calls mean will give the sportsman a real advantage in the Great Outdoors.
It is extremely important to understand that animals, like humans, use all different devices in order to survive. And confusing or lying to their enemy definitely happens. It is the call of alarm that most animals use in order to tell their pack of friends that a predator is drawing near. This is the absolute warning that signals their friends and family that either you, or another, more furry predator, has entered into the habitat. When it comes to birds, the alarm calls are usually loud and elaborate; whereas our underwater friends rely on non-auditory signals, such as chemical messages.
Different calls are usually used for predators when they are on the ground as opposed to soaring in the sky. And, instinctually, the rest of the pack or group seems to know exactly which ‘guard’ they’ve put on watch is making the call; this means they automatically know from which direction that predator is coming.
This is the call of survival, and many companies manufacture everything from a slew of turkey and bird calls to a subtle fawn distress signal to bring out the hungry coyote into the hunter’s aim. For hunters, the calls are extremely necessary to learn and utilize correctly depending on what game they wish to catch.
But for the animal that shouts the signal, they are actually putting themselves in danger by alerting the predator of their own location. In other words, there are certain members of the group that are basically self-sacrificing, or perhaps they know they can get away faster than the others so they take the frontlines.
There is also a flip side to this coin. Predator distress calls are sometimes used for their own advantages – not to warn their group, but to get the predator out into the open so the entire pack can attack and gain the upper hand.
Take a primate, for example. Some have a variety of alarm calls that they use for various species. They have one call set up for the leopard, one for the snake and one for the eagle soaring above. Each member of the family seems to take the alarm call differently. When the eagle call is raised, they look up and run for cover; with the leopard call they immediately run further up the tree; and, for a snake, they run up the tree and keep their eyes cast on the ground at all times. But a false alarm call will have the predator turning into prey when the group is forming an attack.
False alarms are calls made by every species. They utilize the warning calls to their advantage in many ways. When they plan an attack, or even when they want to bring a female of their species closer to them during mating season. And when it comes to various birds, they will sound the false alarm to scare other family members away so they can dine all by themselves without being bothered.
When the hunter takes the time to learn these specific facts, and are able to clearly understand one from the other, they actually benefit. The hunter is not only shown the location of the prey they are seeking; but when false alarm signals are learned, they can also know if a pack, a group, or a single animal may be in the area.
The calls of the wild are the first and foremost line of defense. But always remember that species use these alarm calls in order to scare, warn, entice, save, or lie. When it comes to the animal kingdom, not everything is as it seems.