There are several characteristics of an unhealthy Bermuda grass lawn. Crunchy, dry patches that are painful to bare feet, weeds and a lawn that throws seed heads too quickly are all signs of an unhealthy lawn. Most of these problems can be remedied by proper watering and aeration.
Any healthy, green lawn requires the right amount of water. We’d all like for the majority of the moisture our lawns receive to fall from the sky, with no effort on our part, but that’s not always the case, especially in the heat of the summer. Although Bermuda grass is one of the more drought-tolerant types of grass, you can help your lawn to remain healthier in the next drought by watering only once a week. This watering frequency forces the roots to dig deeper for moisture in between watering, but it’s imperative to put down enough moisture during a weekly watering. Watering to a six-inch depth once per week will suffice. To test this, run the sprinkler for a set amount of time and then try to drive a screwdriver into the soil. If it easily sinks to six inches, you’re good; if not, water some more until you easily reach the six inch mark.
Aeration is the process of poking hundreds of holes into compacted soil so nutrients can reach the root system. Doing this allows nutrients, water and oxygen to easily flow to and penetrate the roots, nourishing your lawn. Two types of aerators are out there: spikes and core. Spikes work on softer soils, but not on the harder, clay-like soils often found in the south, where Bermuda grass grows best. You’ll want to aerate one direction, then at a 90 degree angle to achieve the right amount of holes per square foot.
It’s fairly easy to keep your Bermuda grass lawn beautiful and green by following these two steps.